Why Sun / Moon appears red and enlarged when rising and setting
We know about the division of the waters in Genesis 1 : 6 – 7. So let's get to the next question, namely, What is the function of the waters above and how do they affect us? We can observe the visual affects of a refraction caused by the waters above every day in the sky. One such affect is the apparent fluctuation in the size of Sun and Moon throughout their daily course across the sky. Most people have at least once looked at the rising Moon or at the setting Sun and noticed that both, the Sun and the Moon often appear large and have a reddish color when close to the horizon. However, as they are approaching, they appear to get smaller and brighter until they eventually shrink to small, bright spheres when they are overhead. This observation is a direct clue to a refraction taking place between us and the Sun/Moon. The ocean in the first heaven is responsible for all colors we observe in the sky. The light body is a fabric which radiates light in the process of vibration. Each color is a frequency. Red color is a low frequency; blue color is a higher frequency.
Picture above illustrates the Sun with its light body. The light body is divided by a layer of water. The vibration in the part of the light body that is below the waters is slowed down, in other words, refracted. The outer sections 1 and 8 appear red. The next section towards the middle is orange, then yellow, and eventually white/bright in the middle. If there were observers standing in each of the sections 1 – 8, they would observe a different colorarion and a different size of the Sun. For the observers in the sections 3 and 6, the Sun would look yellow and larger than for observers in the sections 4 and 5. For the observers in the sections 2 and 7, the Sun appears orange and enlarged as well. The observers 1 and 8 observe a huge red Sun close to the horizon. An observer standing in the center of the light body, between the sections 4 and 5, sees a white, bright, and small Sun overhead. The sections away from the center and closer to the edges traverse the waters at a sharper angle. The sharper the entering angle, the more water the light traverses; the more water the light traverses, the more vibration gets absorbed. Consequently, as the vibration is being absorbed, the light shifts towards the color red. As the frequency decreases, the coloring of the Sun shifts from white to yellow, from yellow to orange, and from orange to red. The color red is known to have the longest wavelength. But aside from the reddish color, there is another regularity - the more reddish the Sun and Moon are, the larger they appear. The full moon may appear huge and red on the horizon, and shrink to a half of its previous size while changing from reddish to yellow in the next thirty minutes. A few hours later, the full moon appears white, bright, and small in the zenith. This proves a correlation between frequency and apparent size - the more the frequency of a light source is absorbed, the more reddish and larger the light source appears.