A solar eclipse occurs during a new moon, when the Moon and the Sun rise together in the East and the Moon's light body is entirely immobilized by the Sun's light body. And since we can visualize only objects through the vibration of their light bodies, the static fabric of the Moon's light body during a solar eclipse makes the Moon “invisible” from Earth. Solar eclipses occur when the path of the Moon intersects the path of the Sun, with the Moon being at a close distance below the Sun. Both, the Sun and the Moon describe straight and diagonal paths. For example, the Sun rises over the latitude 10° 46' North, and sets over the latitude 10° 25' North. The path of the Moon starts over latitude 1° 51' South in the East, and ends over latitude 5° 59' South in the West.
When their paths intersect, the Moon steps in front of the Sun and obscures it. There are three different types of solar eclipses - the annular, the total, and the partial. The difference between the annular eclipse and the total is in the distance between Sun and Moon during the given eclipse. During the annular solar eclipse, the Moon steps in front of the Sun, but there is a greater distance between them than there is during a total solar eclipse.